The World Trade Organization (The WTO)

The WTO, which is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in force since 1947, began its activities on January 1, 1995. The WTO is called upon to regulate the trade and political relations of the Organization's members on the basis of the package of Agreements of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations (1986-1994). These documents are the legal basis of modern international trade.

The agreement on the establishment of the WTO provides for the creation of a permanent forum of member countries to resolve problems affecting their multilateral trade relations, and to monitor the implementation of the agreements and arrangements of the Uruguay Round. The WTO functions in much the same as the GATTs, but at the same time monitors a wider range of trade agreements (including trade in services and issues of trade aspects of intellectual property rights) and has much greater power in connection with the improvement of decision-making procedures and their implementation by members of organization. An integral part of the WTO is a unique mechanism for resolving trade disputes.

Since 1947, a discussion of the global problems of liberalization and the prospects for the development of world trade has been held within the framework of multilateral trade negotiations (ICC) under the GATT.


Cooperation within the framework of the WTO in 2019.


Rospatent jointly with the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation prepared positions of the Russian side to the meeting of the TRIPS Council held on February 13, 2019 in Geneva. In particular, the positions were related to relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity and the status of the moratorium on disputes which are not related to the direct violation of the TRIPS Agreement.

During the meeting of the TRIPS Council held on June 6-7, 2019 the Rospatent representative made a report about the development of regional brands in Russia.

Upon requests of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, Rospatent prepared written comments to the Trade policy Reviews of Canada, Uzbekistan, Peru, the European Union. The Russian law on geographical indications was notified in WTO.

Also the positions on e-commerce were coordinated throughout the year.

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